History and early beginnings Baybay  was  believed  to  be  the  only settlement  on  the  western  coast  of  Leyte known  to  the  first  Spanish  conquistadores that  came with Magellan, as  was  Abuyog in the  eastern  part  of  the  province  and Limasawa  and  Cabalian  in  the  south.  In 1620, the Jesuit  fathers  formally founded the town  after  building  a  church and a mission house which belonged to the “residencia” of Carigara,  the first and central  station of  the Society of  Jesuits in Leyte.

By  superior  approbation,  Baybay  was created a parish on September 8, 1835 with the  invocation  of  Our  Lady  on  the Immaculate Conception. However, the town was   erected  an  independent  parish  on February 27, 1836.When  the  Augustinians   took  over  the administration  of  the  parish  after  the explosion of  the Jesuits, they opened the first school in Baybay. During their time, the first road leading to Palompon was constructed, thus bringing Baybay closer to her neighboring municipalities. The Augustinian fathers  stayed  in  the  town  for 75 years  – all of  which  they  devoted  to  uplifting the  natives   in  education  and  in  their economic standing.